Exercise 2: Create a Page, Upload, and Validate
Resources for this exercise:
- See the Course Schedule for due date. Exercises are due before the beginning of class on the due date.
- See the Homework Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) page for answers to questions about homework exercises.
- See The Process of Creating, Publishing, and Validating a Web Page.
- See the How to Name Files and Directories page. Failure to follow proper naming conventions will result in lost credit.
- See the Our Class Web Server page for information on the server.
- See the HTML & Web Design: Learning Aids section of the Resources page for information on basic HTML tags.
- See Text Editors for HTML and Script Editing.
- See Character Encoding for Web Pages.
- See the How to Upload to Webhawks.org with Fetch (Macintosh) orHow to Upload to Webhawks.org with CoreFTP (Windows) for information on uploading.
- See the Logins and Passwords Worksheet page for your logins and passwords.
Note: I've created a simple HTML template (using HTML 5) to make it easier to do this exercise. I recommend first trying to do this exercise without using the sample code of the template. But if you need more help in trying to figure out how to code this first coding exercise, feel free to use the code from the template. Note that the template does not include the text editor section; you will need to add that.
Read Text Editors for HTML and Script Editing before starting this exercise. You may need to download one of the text editors listed there.
1) Using a basic text editor (such as TextWrangler on Mac OS X, or Notepad++ on Windows) create an HTML document. This page will become your home page.
This file must be saved as text in UTF-8 format, with no byte order mark (BOM).
2) This page must display a headline (in an
<h1> tag) that
states your full name. This should be the very first line
<body> section. It should say something like "John
Sky's DM60 Home Page".
3) Following this headline will be a sub-headline (in an
that says "My Web Design Experience".
4) Following this sub-head will be one or more paragraphs (literally coded
as paragraphs, using
that indicate your Web design experience.
5) Following this paragraph will be another sub-headline (in an
that says "My Personal Goals for This Course".
6) Following this sub-head will be one or more paragraphs (literally coded
as paragraphs, using
that indicate your personal goals are for the course.
7) Following this paragraph will be a sub-sub-headline (in an
that says "My Text Editor".
8) Following this sub-sub-head will be a simple paragraph (literally coded
as a paragraph, using
of one sentence that indicates the name of the text editor that you used to create
this page. It should say something like "The text editor I used to create this
page is TextWrangler" or "The text editor I used to create this page
Do not add other stuff to this page right now; keep it simple and plain. You'll add more to it later. This page will become your home page for the class, and will eventually include your photo, and links to all your exercises. The most important thing now is not to make the page look pretty, but to use proper structural markup that validates.
9) This page's
<title> must indicate that this is your
home page for your class work, so it should say something like "John Sky's
Home Page". Remember that the
<title> always must be
10) Add the HTML 5 DocType that will enable you to use an HTML
validator (as explained in How to
Use the W3C HTML and CSS Validators).
Make sure you use the code for HTML 5 (not XHTML 1.0 Strict nor HTML 4, for example). First, at the very beginning of your
document, before the
place this line of code:
11) Add the character encoding meta tag (as explained in Character
Encoding for Web Pages). Because this tag tells the browser how to interpret
the characters used in
the document, it should be the first tag in the
<head> tag, place this line of code:
12) This page must contain links (either buttons or text links) to the HTML and CSS validators. See How to Put HTML and CSS Validate Buttons on Your Page for information on how I want you to to do this. Make sure you use the code for HTML 5 (not XHTML 1.0 Strict nor HTML 4, for example). (Use the block of code on this page to make the button links or text links, so that clicking on the links automatically lets you know if the page validates or not.)
Make sure you use the correct links (for HTML 5).
13) In summary, this page must correctly demonstrate the use of the following tags:
|document type declaration (DTD)||(see step 10 above)|
|character encoding meta tag||(see step 11 above)|
14) Save this file as a text-only file, and when you save the file name it "index.html". Make sure you name it exactly as it says: the words "index" and "html" with a period between them, with no spaces and no capitals. (Do not include the quotation marks, either.)
15) Upload this page to your "public_html "folder on the webhawks.org server. Because this is your main home page, it must be at the root of (directly within) your "public_html" folder, not within a subfolder.
16) View your page (the page on the server, not the page on your disk) in a Web browser:
to view your exercise 2 page (your home page).
Or, to make it easier, you can always get to your home page by going to the Student Sites page for our class.
If, when you point your browser at your home directory, instead of seeing your home page you get a message from the server that says: "Index of …" your home directory, or "Forbidden: You don't have permission to access …" your home directory, it simply means that you have no home page ("index.html") in your directory.
17) Make sure the HTML on this page validates (using the HTML 5 Doctype) with no errors, according to the W3C's online HTML Validator at http://validator.w3.org/. You can easily do this by clicking on your HTML validator link. For more information, see How to Use the W3C HTML and CSS Validators for step-by-step directions.
18) If you have used any CSS*, make sure the CSS on this page validates, with no errors, according to the W3C's online CSS Validator at: http://jigsaw.w3.org/css-validator/. You can easily do this by clicking on your CSS validator link. See the CSS section of How to Use the W3C HTML and CSS Validators for step-by-step directions.
*We will learn CSS later in this course. Please do not use CSS until then, unless you have previously learned CSS, and can use it correctly and it validates.
19) If there are any errors, fix them, re-upload the page, and validate it again.
20) Submit the feedback form. To receive full credit for this exercise you must submit this feedback form before it expires. This exercise is due on 2/10/14. Allowing for a one-day grace period, the form will expire at the end of the day following the due date, which means the form for this exercise will expire at 12:00 AM on 02/12/14.
Grading rubric considerations for this exercise
For full credit:
- Page functions as a home page, which means the file is named "index.html" and is in your "public_html" directory (and not in a subdirectory of your public_html directory).
- Your full name appears on the page as an h1 headline
- Page uses appropriate title, structure and content as indicated in the directions (h2s and paragraphs).
- HTML 5 validation with no errors.
- CSS validation with no errors (as we are not using CSS yet, there will be no errors anyway).
- HTML and CSS validation links are present and function properly.
- File is encoded as UTF-8, with no byte order mark (BOM).
- The charcter encoding meta tag (indicating UTF-8) is present.
- The feedback form for this exercise is submitted before it expires.